What are the signs of occupational dermatitis?

Occupational contact dermatitis is a local inflammation of the skin. Symptoms of inflammation include itching, pain, redness, swelling, and the formation of small blisters or wheals (itchy, red circles with a white centre) on the skin.

What is occupational dermatitis caused by?

Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is a skin condition caused by work-related exposures. It occurs in workers who are exposed to irritating or allergenic substances or specific physical factors in the workplace.

Which one of the following is most likely to cause occupational dermatitis?

Common irritants are wet work, cutting oils, solvents and degreasing agents which remove the skins outer oily barrier layer and allow easy penetration of hazardous substances, alkalis and acids (see Table 1). Wet cement coming into contact with exposed feet and hands is a particular example of a skin irritant.

What are the developing signs of dermatitis?

Signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis include:

  • A red rash.
  • Itching, which may be severe.
  • Dry, cracked, scaly skin.
  • Bumps and blisters, sometimes with oozing and crusting.
  • Swelling, burning or tenderness.
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What are the types of occupational dermatitis?

Two common forms of dermatitis, normally seen in the workplace, are allergic dermatitis and contact (irritant) dermatitis. These conditions comprise up to 15% to 20% of all reported occupational diseases in this nation.

How is occupational dermatitis treated?

Treatments for occupational dermatitis include:

  1. appropriate skin protection: use of the right gloves for the job.
  2. the use of moisturising creams.
  3. soap substitutes.
  4. topical steroids.
  5. antibiotics if there is secondary infection.
  6. systemic therapy (oral tablets or injections) may occasionally be used in severe cases.

How do you prevent occupational dermatitis?

Work-related contact dermatitis

  1. Avoid contact with cleaning products, food and water where possible, eg use a dishwasher rather than washing up by hand, use utensils rather than hands to handle food.
  2. Protect your skin. …
  3. Check your hands regularly for the early stages of dermatitis, ie itchy, dry or red skin.

What substance causes dermatitis?

In the catering and food occupations, the prolonged contact with water, soaps and detergents causes about 55% of dermatitis cases.

Can dermatitis damage the skin?

Dermatitis causes no serious harm to your body. It is not contagious, and it does not mean that your skin is unclean or infected. There are treatment methods and medications that can manage your symptoms.

What chemical irritant causes allergic dermatitis?

What causes irritant contact dermatitis?

  • Acids.
  • Alkalis like drain cleaners.
  • Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
  • Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
  • Hair dyes.
  • Nail polish remover or other solvents.
  • Paints and varnishes.
  • Harsh soaps or detergents.
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What clears up dermatitis?

Routinely applying a moisturizer can help your skin. Use anti-inflammation and anti-itch products. Hydrocortisone cream might temporarily relieve your symptoms. Oral antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine, may help reduce itching.

What is the difference between eczema and dermatitis?

Dermatitis means inflammation of the skin. Eczema is a term used to describe a group of skin conditions in which the skin is itchy, dry, and inflamed. The terms eczema and dermatitis are often used interchangeably. But “dermatitis” is a broader term that encompasses more than eczema rashes.

Can dermatitis be caused by stress?

Not only does stress cause eczema, it can make eczema outbreaks last longer and make you feel more stressed as a result. This can lead to a seemingly endless cycle.

What is the most common location of occupational skin rash?

Under excessively moist working conditions, however, these skin irritants can cause excessive cell hydration and result in maceration, most often in the feet and groin. Severe skin irritants are less common but more serious hazards.

How occupation affects the skin?

Other occupational skin diseases

Skin cancer is more likely in some occupations. In a Finnish report [1],11% of deaths caused by melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma can be attributed to work exposure, for example in roof tilers and bricklayers. Certain skin infections are more common in particular workers.

What are occupational skin diseases?

Definition of occupational skin disease

Occupational skin diseases (also known as occupational dermatoses) are skin diseases caused by exposures to hazards at work. In relation to skin the most relevant chemical hazards are irritants, sensitising, photosensitising and acnegenic agents.

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