Best answer: What is contact dermatitis HSE?

Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by contact with a ‘sensitiser’ (allergen) that causes a type IV or ‘delayed hypersensitivity’ reaction. A sensitiser is a substance that can induce an ‘over-reaction’ of the body’s immune system.

What exactly is contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis is a red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it. The rash isn’t contagious or life-threatening, but it can be very uncomfortable. Many substances can cause such reactions, including soaps, cosmetics, fragrances, jewelry and plants.

What is contact dermatitis health and safety?

Contact dermatitis is the most common type of occupational skin disease. It is defined as inflammation of the skin resulting from exposure to detergents, toiletries, chemicals and even natural products, for example, foods. Prolonged or frequent contact with water (often termed wet work) can also cause it.

What is dermatitis HSE?

Dermatitis is a skin condition caused by contact with something that irritates the skin or causes an allergic reaction. It usually occurs where the irritant touches the skin, but not always.

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What type of hazard is contact dermatitis?

Occupational irritant contact dermatitis is an inflammation caused by substances found in the workplace that come in direct contact with the skin. Signs of irritant contact dermatitis include redness of the skin, blisters, scales or crusts. These symptoms do not necessarily occur at the same time or in all cases.

What is the main cause of dermatitis?

A common cause of dermatitis is contact with something that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction — for example, poison ivy, perfume, lotion and jewelry containing nickel.

What can trigger contact dermatitis?

Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:

  • Acids.
  • Alkalis like drain cleaners.
  • Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
  • Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
  • Hair dyes.
  • Nail polish remover or other solvents.
  • Paints and varnishes.
  • Harsh soaps or detergents.

What kills contact dermatitis?

Medications for contact dermatitis include topical steroids, such as over-the-counter hydrocortisone. For more advanced cases, a prescription topical or oral steroid may be necessary. While antihistamines won’t eliminate the rash, they may relieve the itching that makes this condition so challenging.

Is dermatitis an injury or illness?

Dermatitis is the main work-related skin disease. An important clue for diagnosis is the site of the area affected. If it is the hands, contact dermatitis should always be suspected.

How do you get rid of contact dermatitis fast?

To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care approaches:

  1. Avoid the irritant or allergen. …
  2. Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to the affected area. …
  3. Take an oral anti-itch drug. …
  4. Apply cool, wet compresses. …
  5. Avoid scratching. …
  6. Soak in a comfortably cool bath. …
  7. Protect your hands.
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Can I still work with dermatitis?

It is often called eczema and develops when the skin is damaged. This leads to redness, itching, swelling, blistering, flaking and cracking. The most susceptible parts of the body are the hands, followed by the forearms and face. It can be severe enough to keep you off work or even force you to change jobs.

Is dermatitis an occupational hazard?

Occupational dermatitis is one of the most widespread causes of ill health and affects workers in many industry sectors, including food processing and especially catering.

How can dermatitis be Recognised?

The main signs and symptoms are: Dryness. Redness. Itching.

Is contact dermatitis lifelong?

Dermatitis can be with you lifelong.

Where does irritant contact dermatitis most frequently start?

The hands and feet are commonly affected but ICD can occur on the face or elsewhere on the body. If the chemical is in contact with a large area of skin the rash may be extensive.

How can dermatitis be avoided?

Five small steps to prevent dermatitis becoming a big problem: Step 1: Wear disposable non-latex gloves when rinsing, shampooing, colouring, bleaching, etc. Step 2: Dry your hands thoroughly with a soft cotton or paper towel. Step 3: Moisturise after washing your hands, as well as at the start and end of each day.