While atopic dermatitis is not always due to an allergic reaction, it is commonly associated with other allergic disorders: up to 60 percent of people with atopic dermatitis develop asthma or hay fever (allergic rhinitis) later in life, and up to 30 percent have food allergies.
What is the root cause of atopic dermatitis?
The main triggers of atopic dermatitis are dry skin, irritants, stress, allergies, infection and heat/sweating. It’s important to note that these are triggers that worsen the symptoms of atopic dermatitis, and don’t necessarily cause atopic dermatitis.
What infections cause atopic dermatitis?
The most common skin infections in AD are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and herpes simplex virus (HSV). In the absence of clinical signs of infections, the majority of AD patients are also colonized with S. aureus on their skin lesions.
What can trigger dermatitis?
A common cause of dermatitis is contact with something that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction — for example, poison ivy, perfume, lotion and jewelry containing nickel.
Will atopic dermatitis go away?
Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic condition. Although the symptoms of this condition will come and go, the proclivity for a person to develop these signs may never disappear completely. Eczema is incredibly itchy.
Can atopic dermatitis spread on your body?
Eczema does not spread from person to person. However, it can spread to various parts of the body (for example, the face, cheeks, and chin [of infants] and the neck, wrist, knees, and elbows [of adults]). Scratching the skin can make eczema worse.
What happens if atopic dermatitis is not treated?
As atopic eczema can cause your skin to become cracked and broken, there’s a risk of the skin becoming infected with bacteria. The risk is higher if you scratch your eczema or do not use your treatments correctly. Signs of a bacterial infection can include: fluid oozing from the skin.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is the most common allergic skin disease in the general population. It is a chronic inflammatory skin disease complicated by recurrent bacterial and viral infections that, when left untreated, can lead to significant complications.
Is dermatitis caused by stress?
Anxiety and stress are common triggers that cause eczema to flare up, which then creates more anxiety and stress, which then leads to more eczema flare-ups.
What’s the best cream for dermatitis?
The Best Treatments for Eczema, According to Dermatologists
- Vanicream Moisturizing Cream. …
- CeraVe Moisturizing Cream. …
- CeraVe Healing Ointment. …
- Aquaphor Healing Ointment. …
- Aveeno Eczema Therapy Itch Relief Balm. …
- Cetaphil Baby Eczema Soothing Lotion with Colloidal Oatmeal.
What does dermatitis look like on legs?
Thickened, discolored (reddish) skin on the ankles or shins. Itching. Open sores, oozing and crusting.
What is atopic dermatitis look like?
Red to brownish-gray patches, especially on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, inside the bend of the elbows and knees, and in infants, the face and scalp. Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched. Thickened, cracked, scaly skin.
What is the difference between eczema and atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema, while eczema refers to a chronic case of dermatitis. (Dermatitis refers to skin inflammation in general.) There are also other types of eczema that can lead to dry, itchy, and inflamed skin.
How long will atopic dermatitis last?
With proper treatment, flare-ups may last one to three weeks, notes Harvard Health Publishing. Chronic eczema such as atopic dermatitis can go into remission with the help of a good preventative treatment plan. “Remission” means that the disease is not active and you remain free of symptoms.